Citing Sources

Study Skills

Searching the 'Net
Reference and Biography

Information Problem Solving
News and Magazines
Information on the Internet
Subject Areas
Art AVID Careers
Black History Month Foreign Languages Health
Humanities Language Arts & Literature Math & Metrics
Music Science Social Studies

Citing Sources
OWL (Online Writing Lab) at Purdue University provides current updates to APA (American Psychological Association) and MLA Style (Modern Language Association) with detailed examples.

Citation Machine - fill in the blanks to create your citation!
Citation Maker - with guidelines; this one's easy too. 

Online Writing Center Plagiarism Module
Searching the 'Net
Google: uses text-matching techniques to find pages that are both important and relevant to your search. Use the Directory: start with "Kids and Teens" to find sites you can read easily.
KidsClick! sites selected and evaluated by librarians, shows reading level.
Ask for Kids lets you ask a question the way you'd ask it in the real world.
Clusty "combines results from several different search engines, then organizes them into hierarchical clusters."
WWW Virtual Library - valuable web sites arranged by topic. Some particularly good collections are highlighted in the Subject Area resources below.
Search engine guide - How to choose the best search engine for your needs 
Searching the World Wide Web from the Online Writing Lab
Oregon School Library Information System has guidelines for searching the world wide web and evaluating sources.
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Reference and Biography
Encyclopedias from Kids Click - Five different encyclopedias/almanacs geared for students.
DeskRef Quick Reference Links - "best sources for quick answers."
Information Please - a ready-reference source with keyword searches to brief entries taken from commercial almanacs, a dictionary, and an encyclopedia 
Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary/Thesaurus - Check spelling, meanings, expand your vocabulary with the "Word of the Day" or try your hand at some word games. includes foreign language dictionaries, a thesaurus, and answers questions about language and usage.
Library of Congress includes American Memory Collection, current legislation.
Biographies - see also National History Day for primary sources, and biographies in Science, Black History Month and other Subject Areas.
Multnomah County Library Homework Center - Biographies: a well-chosen list of of general and subject-specific biography resources.
Biographies from InfoPlease encyclopedia.
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News and Magazines
Google News - continuously updated from 4500 national and international sources.
Newspapers - USA and Worldwide This site has links to newspapers in most of the countries of the world. 
The Daily Yomiuri
Japan Times Online

Newshour Extra Student Resources (PBS)
Science News for Kids
Time for Kids

Periodical Subscription Services
: (userID and password required)
ProQuest - all products.
SIRS Discoverer - general reference database.
Culturegrams Online

ThomsonGale databases

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Subject Area Resources

Comprehensive sites:
Art History Resources on the Web
Timeline of Art History (Metropolitan Museum of Art)
Famous Artworks Exhibition (Themes Index and Artists' Index from WebMuseum, Paris)

Interactive sites:
A. Pintura: Art Detective An interactive art detective adventure
Art Safari from the Museum of Modern Art
Inside Art an adventure in art history.
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AVID Online

Job Aptitude Tests and Assessments - Beyond the Office Door.
Occupational Outlook Handbook "describes what workers do on the job, working conditions, the training and education needed, earnings, and expected job prospects in a wide range of occupations."
Virginia Career VIEW

Center for Healthcare Careers - a directory of educational programs in Pennsylvania.
Health diagnosing and treating, health technicians under Professional and Related Occupations from the Occupational Outlook Handbook.
Health Care Career & Jobs
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Black History Month
The Encyclopedia Britannica Guide to Black History Click on one of five Eras in Black History to find important people as well as information on Arts and Education; Civil Rights and Politics; Athletes and Entertainers; Musicians and Singers; Authors and Scholars; and Colleges and Universities.
From Slavery to Civil Rights: A Timeline of African-American History including links "for teachers."
The History Makers: African American History Archive

Africans in America from PBS.
Black History This site celebrates Black History by offering viewers short biographies of famous African Americans. The list includes Duke Ellington, Harriet Tubman, Jesse Owens, and Oprah Winfrey.
Black History Month Information Please has put together featured articles, biographies, reference links, terminology, statistics, a timeline, and a reading list on Black history.
Underground Railroad from National Geographic.
Martin Luther King, Jr. and Black History Month from Louisiana State University.
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Foreign Languages
iLoveLanguages- your guide to languages on the web.
Mezzofanti: a variety of translation resources.

PE Central

Medline Plus - All Health Topics
Ask NOAH New York Online Access to Health
NIAID National Institute of Allergies and Infectious Diseases
Index of Rare Diseases National Organization for Rare Disorders
March of Dimes birth defects
Your Genes, Your Health
Genetic and Rare Conditions from U of Kansas Medical Center
Evaluation Rubric - This is the rubric Brian McGee used to evaluate web sites for Health Resources. 

Hotlist for Health
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EDSITEment - the "best of the humanities on the web."
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Language Arts and Literature
Literary Resources on the Net
Perspectives in American Literature - a research and reference guide 
BookAdventure - help me find a book.
Recommended Literature K-12 - CA Dep't of Education
Author Bios at YA Books Central
Carol Hurst's Children's Literature Site "The authors listed here each have a page on this site where you'll find things such as: their books listed, some biographical information, common topics, similar authors, links to articles and other places their work is mentioned on this site."
Authors & Illustrators on the Web
Grammar Games Galore
Interesting Things (for ESL - ALL - students) - Word games, puzzles, slang, proverbs and much more!
The Grammar Gorillas
Wacky Tales
2Bee or Nottoobee
The Plural Girls
Word Detective - Word Search Game
Word of the Day - Game from Merriam-Webster.
Modern American Poetry
Representative Poetry Online - a collection of over 2200 English poems classified by author, title, first line, and including a timeline and calendar of poetry events
Short Stories
What Makes a Good Short Story?
Writing Resources
OneLook Dictionaries
OWL--Writing Resources-Grammar, Spelling, and Punctuation
OWL--Writing Resources-Research Papers
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Math and Metrics
Math Counts - the national math coaching and competition program for 7th and 8th grade students. 

Galileo Educational Network Association: Math Puzzles
Cool Math - an "amusement park of math."
NIST Metric Information and Conversions
Metric System - looks like a science lab but scroll down to see more links to other resources 
A History of Measurement and Metrics
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Lark in the Morning - has a section for viewing instruments from various countries.
Motherland Music - pictures of African musical instruments and descriptions of the sounds they make.
Instrument Encyclopedia - search or browse a database of instruments from a wide variety of different cultures, performance contexts, and structural materials.
Chinese musical instruments
An Educational Guide to Musical Instruments - Distance
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Jason Project
Astronomy Environmental Issues
Glencoe Science state=CA
Endangered Species
Inventions Catastrophic Events Earth Science Microscopes Biographies

Star Child
Exploring the Planets from the National Air and Space Museum.
Planetary Fact Sheets from NASA.
The Solar System from Astronomy magazine.
The Nine Planets (now eight)
Yahoo! Kids - Solar System
The Constellations includes mythology, binocular views.
Constellations: Stories and a DeepSky Atlas from the Hawaiian Astronomical Society.
Virtual Starship

Inspiring Invention - links from MIT. 
Invention Process Flowchart - from the NASA SCIence Files.
Invention at Play - from the Lemelson Center.
Ideas by Creativity Pool
How Stuff Works - interesting site with search capabilities to find out how a variety of things work.
The History of Famous Inventors and Famous Inventions - from
Famous Inventions Timeline
Famous Inventors and Inventions - by kids for kids.
Museum of Ancient Inventions - Smith College History of Science.

Earth Science
Kidinfo Aquatic Life - a huge list of links to aquatic life, zoos, aquariums, encyclopedias, photographs - searchable. 
Ocean Link - a Marine Science Information Site with lots of links to ocean information. 
Secrets of the Ocean Realm - a PBS site dedicated to ocean life and ecology. 
Earth Systems from Classrooms of the Future.
Virtual Geology - interactive Web-based programs. 

Catastrophic Events
NGDC Geologic Hazards (from NOAA) Photos and Databases
EarthComm Home
World Disasters News Map
Colorado Avalanche Information Center includes US. and World Avalanche Statistics. current season accident statistics
USGS Earthquake Hazards Program - For Kids Only
USGS Earthquake Hazards - Significant Earthquake Database
Japanese Meteorological Agency Earthquake Information
Earthquake Research Institute - University of Tokyo

The Virtual Earthquake experience lets you locate an epicenter and determine magnitude.
National Fire News
National Fire Maps
Wildland Fire Assessment System
Hurricanes The 1900 Storm Galveston Island, Texas
Tornadoes Tornado Project Online
Tsunamis NGDC Tsunami Database see also the International Tsunami Information Center
Deadly Shadow of Vesuvius (NOVA Online)
Volcanoes - interactive WebQuest field trip with nine tasks for students. View volcanos in action (link to live cam on Mt. Fuji).
Kilauea Web Quest

Environmental Issues
Environmental Issues Directory - listing by topics of current information from
Sierra Club - non-profit organization devoted to environmental issues.
World Biomes

Endangered Species
Endangered Species from WWF (formerly known as the World Wildlife Fund)
Animal Info - on endangered mammals
Species Under Threat from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre (UK)
Endangered Species on EE-Link (North American Association for Environmental Education)
IUCN (World Conservation
Union) Red List (2004): General Information
Summary Statistics
for Globally Threatened Species
- not by individual species.
Endangered Animals - American Museum of Natural History
African Wildlife Foundation: Wildlives

Scientist Biographies
Scientists: Biographical Information from Yahooligans.
Links to Women in Science
20th Century Scientists
Scientist Biographies from
4000 Years of Women in Science
The Scientists
The Faces of Science - "profiled here are African American men and women who have contributed to the advancement of science and engineering."
Great Chemists who aren't dead white guys - "Not all great chemists are ancient, gray-haired dead white guys. Some are still very much alive, are women and are minorities. They have all contributed a great deal to our understanding of modern chemistry."
Notable Women Scientists
The History of Mathematics, Science, and Technology: A Culturally Affirming View
Lemelson Center for the Study of Inventions and Innovations at the Smithsonian
A Science Odyssey: People and Discoveries of the 20th Century
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Social Studies
General Resources Russian Revolution National History Day Holidays Immigration
Ancient History United States Specific Countries and Regions Middle Ages
World War II
American Liberty Quest
Internet Scavenger Hunts from Education World

General Resources:
Around the World - a Yahooligans website that lets you pick your country - pictures, facts, videos 
Atlapedia - contains full color physical and political maps as well as key facts and statistics on countries of the world. (May have limited access certain times of the day.) 
Background Notes on countries from the U.S. State Department. 
CIA World Factbook - get important information on any country in the world 
Country Studies - reports on more than 70 countries from the Federal Research Division.
Countries of the World - from InfoPlease Almanac - countries, climates, flags, maps and more.
Geographia - great site with information on the people, history, wildlife, and points of interest for countries and regions around the world.
Lonely Planet - travel guides, destinations, city maps, and more.
National Geographic - information from the magazine plus current TV documentary information, expeditions.
World Bank Group - Regions and Countries Page - Click on your country for facts and news.
World Wildlife Fund - an environmental group dedicated to preserving wildlife and wild areas.
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Russian Revolution
Russia: 1860-1945 (SchoolNet UK)
The Russian Revolution and Russian Revolution in Dates
Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Russian Revolution (Fordham University)
Russian Revolution from Wikipedia
The Revolution of 1917 (Professor Gerhard Rempel, Western New England College)
Russian Revolution (
October 1917 : A lost opportunity for socialism?
"A libertarian communist perspective on the Russian revolution of 1917. Includes many original anarchists texts not available elsewhere."
Leon Trotsky's The History of the Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution Resources (The History Guide)
Russian Revolution (Casahistoria)
Russian Revolution of 1917: Causes

United States: Official government portal
House of Representatives official site.
Senate official site.
THOMAS: Legislative info from the Library of Congress.
Executive Branch (White House) official site.
Supreme Court official site.
U.S. Government from Information Please almanac.
Supreme Court from Information Please almanac.

State and County Quick Facts - from the U.S. Census Bureau
IPL Stately Knowledge - includes charts comparing size and population, quick facts, and links to information about individual states and Washington, D.C.
Explore the States - from the Library of Congress.
Alternative Hawaii - "Your Guide to the Path Less Traveled" - Hawaii Ecotourism site
Search Hawaii - find websites on Hawaii.
Hawaii - the islands of Aloha - "official online guide" includes weather reports.
Hawaiian Culture - site listing other links concerning Hawaiian culture.

Diversity Calendar world holidays separated by month, designated national, religious, ethnic.
Hanukkah Learn about the traditions of this Jewish holiday. Click on Activities for songs to commemorate this historic event.
Ramadan on the Net This colorful site tells how Islam began and how Muhammad received the Quran (Koran). Read about the fast of Ramadan, the Night of Power, and the Five Pillars of the Muslim Faith.
Christmas Stories and Poems This treasury includes The Gift of the Magi, 'Twas the Night Before Christmas in English and Spanish, An Elf Named Freddie, and One Cool Yule.
Christmas Around the World Scavenger Hunts
Chinese New Year
Everything Kwanzaa
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Immigration from the American Memory collection at the Library of Congress.
Immigration, Ellis Island - collection of stereoscopic photographs from Ellis Island from the early 1900s. From the California Museum of Photography.
The Peopling of America - Timeline and information from the official Ellis Island museum site.
Ethnic America - from Digital History - includes primary sources, information about early immigrant groups.
Unpacking on the Prairie: Jewish women in the upper Midwest (1880)
Ancestors in the Americas - PBS television describes early Asian immigration.
Immigration Timeline - from PBS series "The City (La Ciudad)" - see also the Glossary.
Immigration sites from KidsClick.
Irish Immigration - from the American Memory Collection
The Irish Famine, 1845-50

The Dust Bowl
The Migrant Experience - from the American Memory Collection
The Dust Bowl
What Is Drought?
American Experience: Surviving the Dust Bowl (PBS)
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National History Day Contest
Research Road Map
Primary Sources:
American Memory Collection from the Library of Congress
Making of America is a digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction.
EyeWitness to History through the eyes of those who lived it.
National History Day Research from the National Archives and Record Administration's Digital Classroom.
Online resources from the Smithsonian Institution
National History Day Research Links

World War II
WORLD WAR II PLUS 55 - "Daily events from around the globe as they happened 55 years ago."
A World War II Diary in the Pacific - Events as written by a sailor on the USS Essex during WW II.
What Did You Do in the War, Grandma? A Timeline of WWII (1939-1945)
World War II Article Archive
Holocaust Studies at Aish HaTorah
The Holocaust Memorial Center
Holocaust Learning Center at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum
The Holocaust: An Historical Overview
Genocidal Acts During the Twentieth Century
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Ancient History
Dig: online archaeological magazine with links to recommended ancient history sites. Start here!
Kidipede:Introductory material designed for children about the history and culture of Europe, Asia, and Africa before 1500.
Exploring Ancient World Cultures from the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago.
Ancient and Classical Cultures from Multnomah County Homework Center.

Daily Life in Ancient China
Searching for China - a WebQuest

Odyssey Egypt from Emory University
Ancient Egypt for Kids from Mrs. Donn
Ancient Greece
Ancient Greek Mathematics and Mathematicians from the School of Mathematics and Statistics, University of St. Andrews, Scotland.
Greek History for Kids from Kidipede.
Ancient Greek Civilizations
Odyssey Greece from Emory University
Greek Mythology
Mr. Dowling's Electronic Passport to Ancient Greece
MythWeb - This site is devoted to the heroes, gods, and monsters of Greek Mythology
India Past and Present from Mrs. Donn
Ancient India from History for Kids.
Internet Indian History Sourcebook from Fordham University.
Japan Past and Present from Mrs. Donn
Japan Source from ASIJ
Mesopotamia from the British Museum
Ancient Mespotamia, Babylon, Sumer from Mrs. Donn
Ancient Mesopotamia by History Link 101
Ancient Mesopotamia Teacher Resource Center
Mespotamian Inventions
Patented News
Odyssey Near East from Emory University
Create your own Sumerian City State (WebQuest)

Ancient Rome
Odyssey Rome from Emory University
Roman Gods and Goddesses
Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors
Gods and Goddesses of Rome
On Roman Numerals - explanations and conversions.
Languages: Proto Indo-Europeans
The Earth and Its Peoples  Chapter Two: The First River-Valley Civilizations
Central Asian Nomads Unite!
Indo-European Migrations
World Biomes
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Middle Ages
Middle Ages from Annenberg CPB; also look at Resource Links for other sites.
Middle Ages is an individual's web site.
Castle Learning Center from
Enter The Middle Ages from Minnesota State University includes links to recommended sites.
The ORB: Online Reference Book for the Medieval Studies.

Specific Countries and Regions:
Issues in Africa - for Mr. DeWalt's classes
Adventure in Kenya - information on the parks and reserves in Kenya
Africa Online - news, travel, arts and culture, weather, etc.
Africa extensive site from PBS.
East Africa Safari
The Life of Mountain Gorillas from the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund, an environmental organization dedicated primarily to preserving gorilla and gorilla habitat.
African Studies Home Page - from the University of Pennsylvania; searchable by African country name.
K-12 Electronic Guide for African Resources on the Internet also from U Penn.

Kids Web Japan
Japan National Tourist Organization
Japan Source from ASIJ
YES!TOKYO Tokyo Convention and Visitors' Bureau
Tokyo National Museum

Latin American Studies

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Last updated  May, 2007